You’ve done it! You have finally bit the bullet to remodel your kitchen, or maybe you’re building from scratch. You’ve visited Ikea and you, “ooed” and “awed” over all the amazing organization they provide. You loved the soft close doors and drawers were amazed by the integrated lighting. You couldn’t believe the amazing prices. You could build an entire kitchen for 1/3 the cost of what your cabinet guy quoted you…except…you have to do it yourself. Aaaand they don’t have those fancy narrow 6″ spice cabinets that your cabinet guy does. Let’s hack this Ikea kitchen cabinet! (jump to the tutorial here)
Somehow, by a twist of fate you landed here. Maybe you searched for making an Ikea cabinet bigger or maybe narrower. Perhaps, you haven’t bought the cabinets yet because you want to make sure it is even possible to adjust the sizes or add in one of those spice racks you see next to everyone’s ranges. Well, I’m here to tell you it is possible and it is much easier than you think.
Parts of an IKEA Sektion kitchen cabinet
What are the components of an IKEA Sektion kitchen cabinet? There is a solid base, two solid sides, a thin back panel that slides into the sides via a dado, and two metal bars across the top. Just a simple cabinet. If you still plan to install doors the sides are the most important part of the cabinets. They have predrilled holes are where the doors will attach and will keep everything lined up. The rest is changeable.
The cabinet solid “wood” parts are made out of particle board covered with a thick melamine and edge banded. I’ve worked with particle board a lot. The material in the Ikea cabinets seems denser and more substantial than usual particle board.
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You will need:
- 1. The narrowest Ikea cabinet they make: 12″ wide
2. Kreg jig or other pocket joinery system
3. 1 1/4″ pocket screws (coarse screws for plywood and particle board)
4. 3/4″ plywood cut in 2 strips 1 1/2″ – 3″ wide and at least the length of how wide you want your cabinet to be; and a piece the width you want your cabinet to be and 24″ long.
5. 3/4″ wood screws (pan or oval head)
6. Masonite or tempered hardboard panel (Optional – only for enlarging)
Determine the width you need. In my case it was 30″ (I know that’s a standard size, but they were out of stock).
If you’re making a cabinet for a pull out spice rack like the one above. You will need to make a cabinet that is wide enough for the rack to clear the frame. The minimum Rev-a-Shelf pullout is 3″ but they also make 5 1/2″ -12″ in sizes going up in 1/2″ increments. The most common size filler space is 6″. That means if you use the 5 1/2″ pull out, you will need 5 1/2″ of interior space between the two sides of the cabinet.
Ikea cabinet sides are 3/4″ thick – exactly. No more, no less. If you need 5 1/2″ of space, your total cabinet width will be 5 1/2″ + 3/4″ + 3/4″ or 7″. If you use the 3″ filler you’d need a cabinet 4 1/2″ wide.
The only parts of the Ikea cabinet you need to modify are the back and bases.
Using your table saw, cut the back to the width of the interior cabinet that you need, but add 1/2″ for the dado the back of the cabinet sits in.Example: if you need 3″ rip the back panel to 3 1/2″; 5 1/2″ rip it to 6″
Using your table saw, rip the bottom so that it is the exact interior width you need. Example: 3″ wide.
For my cabinet I was making it bigger. If this is the case for you, you can’t reuse the bottom or back panels. Instead I used plywood strips for the top and bottom and 1/4″ plywood for the back. The 1/4″ was too thick to sit int he dado, tempered board would have been a better choice. . If you need a solid bottom because it is visible, or you are using a system like Rev-a_shelf that mounts along the base, you will want to make it out of 3/4″ plywood.
If you plan to install with the rail, use a jig saw and cut out the top two corners 1 1/2″ in and 1 1/2″ down – basically make it look like the old panel, just narrower. If you only rip one side, you only have to do this once.
Note: We are not changing the depth of the cabinets in this tutorial
Now you need to recreate the metal brackets that go along the top and join the sides together.
Tip: You don’t want a solid piece of wood on top because that would make it hard to install the filler pull out later on.
Rip two plywood boards that are 1 1/2″ – 3″ wide – you just need the wide enough to place two pocket holes. Cut them to the interior width you need. The exact interior width. Example: 3″ if you need 3″, It was 28 1/2″ in my case.
Using your Kreg jig, or other. pocket hole joinery tool, make two pocket holes on the ends of all of your strips
Drill pocket holes along the bottom of the new cabinet base – just the sides that will join into the sides of the cabinet. 4 holes is a good amount.
If you are going to use the rail system, install those pieces onto your cabinet sides just as Ikea instructions show. You’re going to want these in place before the next step.
Paying careful attention to keeping everything flush, join the Ikea sides to your 3/4″ plywood base with pocket screws. Make sure to place the pocket holes facing down so that they can’t be seen from the inside of the cabinet. I love this clamp when I’m joining my boards like this.
Do the same to the top pieces, placing one at the front of the cabinet top and one at the back but do not put it over the dado. This time with the pocket holes facing up, but again so they will not be seen from the inside of the cabinet.
Tip: To keep everything square I always mark either side of where my boards should join and use my 90 Degree Kreg Clamp.
Slide your back panel in place. I like to add glue but it’s totally optional. Secure with the nails Ikea provides or use a staple gun like I do.
Using 3/4″ screws, screw your feet onto the base of the cabinet, through the plastic and into your plywood/Ikea bottom. You may have to cut off the little black tabs to help them sit flush depending on how you made your base.
That’s it. You’ve made a custom Ikea cabinet and your doors will attach in the same spots that they did on your standard cabinets from the store. If you are using the filler that Rev-a-Shelf makes, you will attach your door directly to the slide.